The education of the period began to develop along the lines of the Greek ideal; it stressed a classical education combined with physical education. A major early leader was Vittorino da Feltre, who founded a school for the children of nobility that imitated the Athenian model of classical studies taught according to the model set by Quintilian.
The subjects included Greek and Latin Literature, swimming, fencing, riding, and dancing. Education was primarily for the men, though women were treated as relative equals in Italy. The Renaissance ideals were the "universal man," who had many talents and interests in the arts and literature, polities, games and sports, and the social graces.
He was supposed to be interested and moderately skilled in almost every aspect of contemporary life.
The goal of Renaissance educators was to develop an "all-around" person with a balanced education. Education was beginning to be considered valuable for its own sake, regardless of how immediately practical it was.
The barriers between separate areas of learning were beginning to break down, for the Renaissance ideal stressed training across any narrow divisions between areas of learning.
The ideal was similar to the current concept of interdisciplinary studies in which the student tries to avoid the hazards of overspecialization that might result in an educational imbalance.
After the Renaissance this trend reversed and moved back toward specialization. The humanistic impulse was strongly tied to the Reformation, the Protestant struggle against the Catholic Church in the sixteenth century.
The humanists' retranslations of the Scriptures indicated numerous areas of disagreement with the Church's teaching. Many of the humanists were very antagonistic toward the Church, and some, who were convinced that the Church had strayed from the early Christian teachings, began to break away and form new churches. Because they "protested" the actions of the Catholic Church, these humanists were called Protestants.
Martin Luther, founder of today's Lutheran Church, was a major leader in this movement in Germany. The Protestants were often more supportive of physical activities than the Catholic Church.
The Protestants believed the activities would help prevent corruption of the body in word and deed and were therefore of moral value. The Protestant belief that everyone had the right to read and interpret the scriptures for himself or herself, which required some degree of literacy, enhanced education for the general public. Most education under the Catholic Church in the past had been the education of its leaders and scholars.
The idea that each person should have any say in his or her beliefs and actions was a new concept for the time; the Church had previously told people what to believe and what to do. The Protestants were interested in education for both sexes, but women were not considered equal. Their status had been raised some in the Catholic Church by the emphasis on the Virgin Mary, but the emphasis was on the woman in the home setting, rather than as an equal and a partner to man.
As the struggles over religion spread across Europe, they were used by some rulers as one more way to consolidate their powers. As the nations gradually became "modern states," similar to the nations today, the stage was being set across Europe for the gradual move into the "modern era.
The Medievalism in Popular Culture Area including Anglo-Saxon, Robin Hood, Arthurian, Norse, and other materials connected to medieval studies accepts papers on all topics that explore either popular culture during the Middle Ages or transcribe some aspect of the Middle Ages into the popular culture of later periods. These representations can occur in any genre, including film, television, novels, graphic novels, gaming, advertising, art, etc.
Shakespeare on Screen in the Digital Era: Montpellier, France September Keynote presentation will be by Rita Felski from her new book, Hooked: Rita Felski is William R. Her current interests are in aesthetics, interpretation, and method; recent books include Uses of Literature , The Limits of Critique , and Critique and Postcritique. Expressions of Interest with Potential Title: Panelists in the roundtable on teaching will speak for five minutes each and distribute copies of a handout.
How material exchange and mobility affect people and their ideas? How do these subjects and these objects transform the place of destination and its practices, knowledge, texts, and understanding of the world? This panel will address the consequences of the mobility of subjects and the exchange of objects in the early modern world. Early modernity is a time strongly characterized by the increasing crossing of boundaries.
In this sense, this panel wants to analyze how material exchange enables different cultures to cross borders and permeate different social spaces, modifying those who import them and those who export them.
Shakespeare gave and withheld knowledge to craft his plot and engage his audience. We are taken on a guided ride from which we glimpse what the playwright chooses thus forming our layers of knowledge through which we are manipulated.
What we know can be what we knew before attending the play, based on dialogue from the characters, or from reported speech of events off stage and even in times before the play. This seminar explores how Europeans constructed the identities of non-European and non-Christian peoples in the Atlantic and Mediterranean worlds. Renaissance and early modern European views of different peoples was closely connected to, and constructed by, prevailing ideas about gender and sexuality as well as notions of civilization and nature.
Posts Thursday, December 11, Early Renaissance Paper Session I. Panel 1. “Into the Fold: Understanding Albrecht Dürer’s Meisterstiche Papers,” presented by Angela Campbell ¶ “Fifteenth-Century Papermakers and Printers: Negotiations and Innovations,” presented by Timothy Barrett.
Light Impressions offers a wide selection of Renaissance Paper / Tissue and offers one of the web's largest selection of Archival Tissue and Paper.
When a buffered paper is not acceptable, our non-buffered Renaissance Paper is the ideal liner choice. For use with albumen, cyanotype, dye transfer, color prints (chromogenic) and textiles. Renaissance Paper™ is perfect for photos, document interleaving, xerography, envelope-making and lining. Embossed Renaissance Leather Notebook Journal With an Amazing Smell, 72 Sheets Unlined Handmade Paper, Perfect for Keeping Notes on Thoughts - Sketches - Writing Diary and Ideal Gift for Women and Men.
The scholarly journal of the Southeastern Renaissance Conference, Renaissance Papers, publishes both the best papers presented at the conference and excellent essays that were submitted for presentation but not selected because of the volume of papers we receive. Renaissance Papers is peer reviewed and is included in the MLA . - This paper will argue that Michelangelo was a true renaissance artist by sharing information about his life, artwork, and analysis. Michelangelo was born at Rome, in March 6, He was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance.