In the end, which would have been worse, lying and saving the rocket and satellite, or not lying and having the rocket and satellite be destroyed? How much is the cost of saving a life?
Embedded engineers are often called to design systems which are safety critical. For example, another hypothetical engineer is designing a medical system. This medical system administers medication to an intravenous drip at a specified amount and for a specified period of time.
You are the engineer on the design of the control system for this medication system. You have added many safety screens to the user interface in order to make sure that the doctor or nurse has appropriately set the dosage. You also add a safety feature in which the device stops working after a certain period of time to make sure that it has been calibrated in order to not deliver the incorrect dosage.
Your manager puts a lot of pressure on you to remove the extra safety time-out. He believes that the company could sell more units if the safety lock out wasn't installed in the unit; the unit would cost less, and the users won't have to confront a possibly annoying time out.
What do you do? Do you remove the lockout and simply advise in the documentation to calibrate the unit periodically? What if you know that the unit will drift out of calibration eventually? What happens if you leave the safety lock out in the device, and it stops working when it is supposed to be delivering medication to a patient?
It is difficult, especially when creating safety critical systems, to know what is the right thing to do. There are many systems which engineers design which are not primarily safety critical, but are secondarily safety critical systems.
The company you work for makes a sale of the system to a local hospital. You know that surgeons and doctors will be relying on the pager system in order to get to the correct patients when an emergency happens in order to save their lives.
The system was never designed to be used in order to save lives. Will you try to stop the sale of the system? What if it means your job and many millions of dollars to the company that hired you? It is important for engineers to realize that even systems that aren't envisioned for use in safety critical systems will be used in a safety critical system may be used in a safety critical system. The design of almost any embedded system may be used in a situation in which the loss of property or lives may result.
What if you are an engineer placed in the position of signing off on a safety critical system, such as an antilock brake controller, and you have your doubts about whether the system should actually be built due to some possible flaws? All of these various societies make their first priority that an engineer's first responsibility is to the public good. The codes of ethics then go on to enumerate other moral rules which their members must abide by, including honesty and integrity.
The codes of ethics from the various professional societies have some interesting similarities and even more interesting differences. Primarily, various codes of possible interest to the reader all stress the same first principle, obligation to the public good or society. In fact, the ACM rules go into too much explanation, often offering times when it is acceptable to break the rules, including breaking the law. The ACM rules, however, do stress that if a member decides to violate the rules or break the law, that he must accept the responsibility of his actions.
It is a good practice for all engineers to be familiar with their relevant code of ethics. These codes of ethics may provide some moral guidance, but they are not the final answer in ethical dilemmas. Members of the ethics committees may be willing to talk to you anonymously, but they cannot help you professionally or legally.
It is important to know that in general, the professional societies will not defend their members. The professional members may help prosecute their members, and force their members from their societies, but it is very unlikely that they will come to your defense. So while you may find some unofficial consoling from your respective professional society, do not expect official help from them.
The professional societies can be a big aide to the practicing engineer though. Professional societies often create standards and guidelines for designing many components in systems. By using these standards, it is very difficult to hold an engineer responsible for incorrect standards. Standards are considered to be the best practice known, and by using these practices, an engineer gains some protection from the society at large without the society's explicit support.
It is important to have an ethical organization in order to have ethical engineers. For example, Ford after having discovered that the ill fated Pinto may cath fire in an accident, decided not to change the design of the car.
Ford had decided, from a business and legal perspective, that the value of a human life, was cheaper than the design change. Ford later realized that the cost of goodwill and brand image was much more expensive than the cost of a human life for them.
While this example relates how Ford made a single design decision, it is important to understand the relationship between the organization and the engineer. An engineer in an organization that can make an ethical decision not to change an unsafe design will not support an engineer trying to add cost to a design simply for safety's sake.
Every engineer will be faced with an ethical dilemma sometime during his working career. Engineers also make ethical decisions every day during the regular course of engineering work. It is important that engineers strive to make their systems functionally correct and safe. While no person can solve all ethical dilemmas, it is important to know that there is support and resources available for engineers in need.
When you need to write custom term papers on ethics, you should collect the required data first, then: This part should consist of in depth information about the areas covered in this paper. Here you will try to add maximum view points of famous philosophers like Aristotle, Socrates, Shakespeare, Shelly along with different religious versions from Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism etc.
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Ethics is a word that can be used loosely, so it’s important to understand the meaning of this question by first discussing what is meant by personal ethics or professional ethics. I assume the question is using the term personal ethics to mean one’s conscience and the term professional ethics to mean adherence to a professional code.
Introduction. Ethics are of special importance to practicing professionals, including engineers. Professions such as doctors, teachers, lawyers, and engineers have a greater responsibility to society to do their jobs ethically.
WRITING THE ETHICS TERM PAPER. For earlier drafts of your Term Paper, use the means of writing you are most comfortable with -- . When students need write their first term paper on ethics, they should consider the following instructions carefully: • Writing term paper on ethics needs a thorough understanding of ethics and ethical issues Tags: ethics term paper, ethics writing.
There are different theories of ethics which include virtue ethics, utilitarianism ethics, and the deontology theory. Virtue ethics is the theory that basically says that a person throughout their life should strive for moral excellence through life experiences.