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Analyze the long term and short term causes of the 1917 February/March Russian Revolution


❶The Tsar, trying to govern a huge country alone, ignored the Duma, the Russian parliament, as well as the pleas of the peasants and the proletariat, choosing to crush their opposition rather than consider their grievances.

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When the revolution began, the Tsar called upon the army to restore order, but many of the troops mutinied and joined the demonstrators. Quick Answer The main causes of the Russian Revolution of were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime.

What Was an Outcome of the Russian Revolution of ? Who Was Involved in the Russian Revolution? Full Answer Although in theory Russian peasants in the early 20th century owned their own land, they were deeply in debt and barely surviving with antiquated, subsistence-level agricultural techniques and equipment. Learn more about Industrial Revolution. The technological advances of the Industrial Revolution caused an increased need for raw materials that encouraged the rise of European imperialism.

You May Also Like Q: Where Did Gangs Originate? Why Was Richard Arkwright so Important? What Were the Working Conditions of Sweatshops in the s? The reformers, or Liberals, wanted to modernize Russia gradually. They wanted free elections, more education for the people and no censorship. The revolutionaries, on the other hand, wanted to throw out the whole tsarist system and build a different one.

One group of revolutionaries were Marxists - that is, they believed in the ideas of Karl Marx, a nineteenth-century German writer who had once lived in London. All history is about struggles between different classes: The system in Europe is unfair because the factory owner capitalist makes a profit out of the workers proletariat who actually do the work.

In the end, there will be a violent revolution when the workers throw out the bosses and take over the country. The workers will then run the country for the benefit of all. The Marxist revolutionaries could not say these things in Russia, of course. The Tsar's secret police would arrest them and send them to Siberia.

Therefore the revolutionaries lived in exile in Western Europe. They quarrelled among themselves, but the most dedicated of the Marxist revolutionaries were the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin. Although there were not many of them, Lenin made the Bolsheviks into a well-organized group.

Lenin planned for the day when his chance would come to spark off a real revolution. No one took much notice of a few hundred Bolsheviks, however. The Liberals were much more popular, especially among educated Russians.

They had even made a tiny gain: This had been granted by the Tsar in the following way. From to , Russia had fought a war against Japan. The Russians expected to win easily but in fact lost heavily. This defeat caused strikes and demonstrations in the Russian cities.

For a few days in , the Tsar nearly lost control of his country. He offered to call a Duma with free elections. Some of his opponents accepted this, and the protests cooled off. The Tsar then used his soldiers to crush the rest of his opponents.

When the Duma met, it began to criticize the Tsar and demand more changes. He was not used to being criticized and did not like it. The Duma was dismissed, and elections for the next one were controlled by the Tsar. Soon the Duma faded into the background: Two facts became clear: As for the Duma, it hardly counted for anything: The First World War brought revolution nearer.

The Tsar's rule was bad enough in peacetime, but a large-scale war showed just how inefficient it was. The war went badly. In , the Tsar took over personal command of the Russian army. This meant that he took the blame for losing the war. Meanwhile Russia was left in the hands of his wife, Alexandra. She had put her trust in Gregori Rasputin, a drunken peasant who said he was a holy man. He had strange hypnotic powers and seemed to be able to help her son's illness.

The war produced more and more problems for Russia, but both Alexandra and Rasputin, who had great influence over her, were against any changes. Rasputin Inflation and Unrest. All over Russia, things were going badly wrong by The peasants were angry because the army took away the young men and the best horses, making farmwork difficult. Prices, especially food prices, rose, and hunger was widespread. Workers in the cities could not afford high food prices, for wages had not risen nearly so fast.

If they tried to strike for better wages, they were accused of being disloyal. For this they could be sent to Siberia for as long as twenty-five years. Soldiers coming home from the war told of defeat, bad generals, no guns, no boots and no medical supplies. In the cities, soldiers were ordered to stop strikes and demonstrations. This was bitterly resented. Many soldiers had been peasants and workers themselves before the war started.

Why should they fire at fellow-Russians when they had joined up to fight Germany? In March a revolution took place in Russia which put an end to the Tsar's rule in Russia for good. It was the first of the two revolutions in Russia that year. In Petrograd, the rioters were joined by factory workers on strike.

What Caused the Russian Revolution of 1917?

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what were long-term cause of the russian revolution? backward unindustrialized, lack of human rights, land disputes, czar cruelty, starvation in russia what was the short-term cause of the russian revolution?

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While the turning point for the revolution is widely accepted as World War I, but the revolution was not an inevitable byproduct of war and there are long-term causes that are equally important to recognize. Peasant Poverty. In , a full three-quarters of the Russian population was comprised of peasants who lived and farmed in small villages.

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THE LONG-TERM CAUSES OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION: LONG-TERM CAUSES: Peasants. Before the revolution, 75 % of Russians lived in villages The people who lived in the villages were poor peasants. Until they had belonged to their masters, who could buy and sell them like cattle. The Russian calendar was 13 days behind the rest of the world, so its February Revolution actually took place in March, and what was called the October Revolution happened in November! This fact, of course, gives a clue as to why the Romanov dynasty fell in - it was out of date.

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The main causes of the Russian Revolution of were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime. The revolution was catalyzed by Russia's. Long-term Causes of the Russian Revolution. STUDY. PLAY. Threats to the monarchy - middle class - industrial working class - Marxism. Tsar Nicholas II. Became leader of Russia in - ruled alone and unquestioned (Autocrat). Had a weak personality and his power was increasingly based upon the military might of the Cossacks and Okhrana (secret.