The state reinvestigated the case, testing DNA evidence, but was not able to link Steidl to the crime. Chicago Tribune, May 27, Laurence Adams left a Massachusetts prison 30 years after his conviction for the robbery and murder of a transit worker in Boston. The District Attorney recommended that Adams be released on his own recognizance.
Boston Globe, May 20, Charges against Adams were formally dropped on June 7, New York Times, June 8, Adams had been convicted at age 19 on the testimony of two witnesses, both of whom had unrelated charges against them dropped after their testimony. The witness was in fact incarcerated with one of a pair of brothers who were suspects in the case. The second witness recanted her testimony against Adams just prior to her death.
The court-appointed attorney for Adams was also representing one of the two brothers at the same time he was representing Adams. Boston Globe, May 21, Adams had always maintained his innocence. In , Dan L. Bright was convicted of first-degree murder in Louisiana and was sentenced to death. On appeal, the Supreme Court of Louisiana found the evidence insufficient to support his conviction of first-degree murder and rendered a judgment of guilty of second-degree murder.
The trial court imposed a sentence of life without parole at hard labor. Thompson was very drunk on the day of the crime. Moreover, the prosecution failed to disclose that he was a convicted felon and in violation of his parole.
See State of Louisiana v. The prosecution subsequently dismissed all charges and Bright was freed. Shortly after his 17th birthday, Matthews was arrested for the murder of a local convenience store owner.
Matthews is at least 6 feet tall. On the third day of the trial, the judge ordered closing arguments, and sent the jury to deliberate.
When they could not agree on a verdict after several hours, the judge ordered the jury to resume deliberations until a verdict was reached. Less than an hour later, the jury returned a guilty verdict and Matthews was sentenced to death two days later.
The DNA results excluded Matthews, and this time they pointed directly to another individual - one serving time for a murder that happened a few months after the convenience store murder and only blocks away. Ernest Ray Willis was sentenced to death for the deaths of two women who died in a house fire that was ruled an arson. Cockrell, WL W. White hired an arson specialist to review the original evidence, and the specialist concluded that there was no evidence of arson.
Willis, who was staying briefly at the house where the fire occurred, escaped from the house. Officers at the scene of the blaze said that Willis had acted strangely, and prosecutors had Willis arrested. Despite limited evidence, Willis was indicted for murder and arson. The attorneys spent a total of three hours with Willis, and as a result, Willis was found guilty and sentenced to death.
He ordered the state to either free Willis or retry him. On February 28, , Ohio Common Pleas Judge Richard Niehaus dismissed all charges against Derrick Jamison for the murder of a Cincinnati bartender after prosecutors elected not to retry him in the case.
Associated Press, March 3, On death row for 17 years, Jamison was a granted a new trial in when a court ruled that the prosecution had withheld critical eyewitness statements and other evidence from the defense.
Jamison was originally convicted and sentenced to death in based in part on the testimony of Charles Howell, a co-defendant who received a lesser sentence in exchange for his testimony against Jamison. A federal judge ordered a new trial for Jamison in , holding that Hamilton County Prosecutors withheld key evidence.
Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the decision in Jamison v. One of the withheld statements involved James Suggs, an eyewitness to the robbery. Suggs testified at trial that he had been unable to make a positive identification when the police showed him a photo array of suspects.
In fact, police records show that Suggs identified two suspects, neither of which was Derrick Jamison. The co-defendant, Howell recently testified that he could not remember anything about the crime, and state prosecutors decided not to proceed against Jamison. He remains incarcerated on other unrelated charges.
Croy was convicted in and sentenced to death. He was retried on the overturned charges in , and testified that he had acted in self-defense because Hittson had shot him twice in the back, and Croy believed he would not have the option to surrender because of prejudice against Native Americans.
He was acquitted of all charges, and the trial court indicated that Croy also would have been acquitted of the conspiracy and assault charges if they had been included among the charges at issue in his retrial. Because the conspiracy and assault charges remained in place, the court reluctantly resentenced Croy to ten years probation. In , Croy was returned to prison for a violation of his probation. He then filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus seeking to vacate the remaining portions of the judgment against him from his Siskiyou County prosecutors did not appeal that decision and elected not to retry him, completing his exoneration.
His case had been overlooked because the lesser convictions had remained in place at the time of his acquittal on the capital murder charges and DPIC was not aware of the subsequent disposition of the remaining charges against him in More than 16 years after a Pennsylvania jury returned three death sentences against Harold Wilson, new DNA evidence led to his acquittal.
Wilson was convicted and sentenced to death. At that time, the court denied Wilson an evidentiary hearing on his challenges to his convictions and dismissed his guilt-stage claims.
On appeal, having been presented evidence of the jury selection training tape, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court sent the case back to the trial court for a hearing on whether McMahon had used racially discriminatory practices in striking black jurors in the case. In , the trial court found that McMahon had improperly exercised his peremptory strikes to eliminate potential black jurors and granted Wilson a new trial.
The first retrial resulted in a mistrial, when the prosecution left highly inflammatory photographs of the murder scene in view of the jury. The type of DNA testing that was performed in was not available at the time of the original trial. The Florida Supreme Court unanimously overturned the conviction of death row inmate John Robert Ballard and ordered his acquittal in the murders of two of his acquaintances Ballard v Florida, No.
SC, February 23, The Court concluded that the circumstantial evidence against Ballard was insufficient to sustain his conviction. Bloody fingerprints and other hair samples were found associated with the crime scene, none of them belonging to Ballard, who has always maintained his innocence. In fact, since the Florida Supreme Court has acquitted only three people of all charges.
Jennifer Jones, one of the victims in the case, was a known drug dealer, and had been the target of gang violence in the past. However, the State Attorney never presented evidence ruling out gang violence, nor did the prosecutors address the suspected motive of robbery. Yet the judge decided to sentence Ballard to death, commenting: According to the New York-based Innocence Project, an organization that assisted McCarty in his efforts to prove his innocence, Gilchrist falsely testified that hairs and other biological evidence showed that McCarty could have been the killer.
In both trials, the juries convicted him and he was sentenced to death. She then changed her notes to say the hairs did match him. When the defense requested retesting, the hairs were lost. A judge has said Gilchrist either destroyed or willfully lost the hairs. DNA testing in recent years has also shown that another person raped the victim. DNA testing later found that the hair did not match McCormick and this evidence was not permitted in the new trial. His original conviction was overturned in McCormick v.
Two years after his conviction, evidence surfaced that an undercover officer had secretly recorded Mr. In his closing statement, Mr. This system is not perfect, but somehow it works itself out. Prosecutors in North Carolina on December 11, dropped all charges against Jonathon Hoffman, who had been convicted and sentenced to death for the murder of a jewelry storeowner.
In fact, Porter received thousands of dollars for his testimony. Neither the defense attorney nor the judge knew of this deal—an omission that resulted in the criminal investigation of Ken Honeycutt and Scott Brewer, the prosecutors in the original trial. Porter has since recanted his testimony, stating that he lied in order to get back at his cousin for stealing money from him.
Hoffman, a black man charged with killing a white man, was tried and convicted by an all-white jury despite the fact that no physical evidence connected him to the murder of Danny Cook. He has been waiting for his new trial since in , when allegations of prosecutorial misconduct first arose. Johnson was a suspect early in the case, and his blood was collected and preserved in the Mississippi State Crime Laboratory for more than 10 years.
In , Brewer was released on bond, pending a new trial after the Innocence Project and his attorney pushed for an appeal based upon the DNA test results.
Brewer eventually won a retrial from a Lowndes County judge. Glen Edward Chapman, a North Carolina man who was sentenced to death for the murders of Betty Jean Ramseur and Tenene Yvette Conley, was released from death row on April 2, after prosecutors dropped all charges against him. Conley, and we hope their deaths will be reinvestigated. The other defense attorney, Thomas Portwood, admitted drinking 12 shots of alcohol per day during a different death penalty trial.
The defendant in that case, Ronald Frye, was executed in The state of North Carolina dropped all charges against Levon Jones, and he was freed May 2, after spending 13 years on death row. Duplin County District Attorney Dewey Hudson decided to ask the judge in the case to drop all charges. Jones was originally convicted of robbing and shooting a bootlegger named Leamon Grady. Press of Mississippi Michael Blair was sentenced to death for the murder of 7-year old Ashley Estell.
This new evidence in light of the remaining inculpatory evidence in the record, has established by clear and convincing evidence that no reasonable juror would have convicted [applicant] in light of newly discovered evidence.
Although the court recommended that a new trial be granted, the prosecution, in light of the evidence, chose not to pursue a retrial. Blair in this case were dismissed in August He remains in prison serving out life sentences for other crimes.
Nathson Fields, 55, and a co-defendant were sentenced to death for the murders of two rival gang members. Thomas Maloney, who died in , was ultimately convicted and spent 13 years in prison for fixing murder trials.
As a result, Fields and co-defendant Earl Hawkins were granted new trials in Hawkins, who had admitted to killing 15 to 20 people, testified against Fields in exchange for a lesser sentence.
Fields spent almost twenty years in prison, including He was released on bond in while awaiting retrial and has been residing outside of Chicago. This is the 19th exoneration from death row in Illinois since , which is second only to Florida in the number of exonerations. See also People v. The state of Tennessee dropped all charges against House, who was charged with the murder of Carolyn Muncey.
The state alleged kidnapping or rape as aggravating factors, and House was sentenced to death. Bell , the U. In , the Court held that no reasonable juror would have found House guilty based on this new evidence, thus entitling him to raise constitutional issues that then led to a reversal of his conviction.
In , a Tennessee judge ordered House released from prison, pending a new trial. June 12, ; House v. Daniel Wade Moore was acquitted of all charges by a jury in Alabama on May Moore was originally found guilty of the murder and sexual assault of Karen Tipton in A new trial was ordered in because of evidence withheld by the prosecution.
Supreme Court, State v. A second trial in ended in a mistrial with the jury deadlocked at for acquittal. Judge Glenn Thompson, who originally sentenced Moore to death, ordered a retrial upon discovery that the prosecution had withheld important evidence. The evidence missing was a page F. On July 7, Ronald Kitchen was exonerated and released from Illinois prison after spending twenty-one years in prison, including thirteen on death row.
His death sentence had been commuted to life without parole by former Illinois Governor George Ryan in as part of a blanket clemency grant. Kitchen and a co-defendant were found guilty of the murders of two women and three children in His conviction was based primarily on a confession he gave to detectives under the command of discredited former Police Commander Jon Burge after hours of beating and threats by police.
Prosecutors also relied on the testimony of a friend of the defendants who was in prison for burglary. This witness later recanted his testimony, and the prosecutors withheld from the defense that they released this witness from prison early in return for his testimony. Kitchen was reunited with his sons, one of whom was born while he was in prison, and his family.
In a unanimous decision, the Supreme Court of Florida rendered a judgment of acquittal for Herman Lindsey who was convicted in of the murder of the clerk at the Big Dollar Pawn Shop, a murder that happened 12 years earlier.
The Court held that the evidence in the case was not sufficient to convict Lindsey. They noted that the case was based completely on circumstantial evidence and that a special standard of review applies. Indeed, we find that the evidence here is equally consistent with a reasonable hypothesis of innocence. Toney was released from jail on September 2, after the state dropped all charges against him for a bombing that killed three people. Ex parte Toney, AP, Tex. He had consistently maintained his innocence.
The case had gone unsolved for 14 years until a jail inmate told authorities that Toney had confessed to the crime. The inmate later recanted his story, saying he had hoped to win early release. The state said it is continuing its investigation into the murders. Toney was killed in an automobile accident one month after his release.
Tyler, Texas Defender Service, Oct. A federal appeals court in found that Smith had received a deal from the prosecutors that was not revealed to the defense and overturned the conviction of Powell but denied relief to Douglas. Smith testified against Powell and Douglas in their separate trials, but later admitted he never saw who shot him, that he was drunk and high that night, and that he testified only because prosecutors had threatened him with more prison time. With respect to Mr. Douglas is entitled to habeas relief from his capital murder conviction.
It should have happened a long time ago. What it boils down to is they had no evidence he was guilty. The testimony that they used to convict him was false.
On October 28, , Travis County, Texas, prosecutors moved to dismiss all charges against Michael Scott and Robert Springsteen, who had been convicted of the murder of four teens in an Austin yogurt shop in Springsteen was convicted in ; Scott in Springsteen had been sentenced to death and Scott was sentenced to life in prison. The convictions of both men were overturned by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals because they had not been adequately allowed to cross examine each other.
AP, May 24, State District Judge Mike Lynch had released the defendants on bond in June, pending a possible retrial by the state. However, sophisticated DNA analysis of evidence from the crime scene did not match either defendant and the prosecution announced it was not prepared to go to trial.
Prosecutors are still trying to match the DNA from crime with a new defendant. However, both claimed that their statements had been coerced by police. The police investigation had been compromised from the start because the building had been set on fire, and thousands of gallons of water were poured on the crime scene before an investigation was carried out. Anthony Graves pictured was released from a Texas prison on October 27 after Washington-Burleson County District Attorney Bill Parham filed a motion to dismiss all charges that had resulted in Graves being sent to death row 16 years ago.
Graves was convicted in of assisting Robert Carter in multiple murders in He repeated that statement minutes before his execution. In , the U. Parham began to reassemble the case and review the evidence, he hired former Harris County assistant district attorney Kelly Siegler as a special prosecutor. Siegler soon realized that making a case against Graves would be impossible: Vann was originally convicted and sentenced to death in for a sexual assault and murder of his own daughter, Necia Vann, in State, Order, Post-conviction No.
The state elected not to appeal this ruling, though it did try to find grounds for a conviction on a lesser offense. Ultimately all charges were dropped by the state on September 22, On January 23, the U.
He has now been freed from death row with all charges dismissed. The federal court originally allowed the state to re-prosecute him, but just before trial the state revealed the existence of even more important evidence and requested further delay.
During those days, the State engaged in substantial inequitable conduct, wrongfully retaining and delaying the production of yet more potentially exculpatory evidence… To fail to bar retrial in such extraordinary circumstances surely would fail to serve the interests of justice.
Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit upheld the bar to re-prosecution. Supreme Court mainly on jurisdictional grounds, but was denied certiorari on Jan. He was first indicted for the offense in Bagley , 6th Cir. Thibodeaux was sentenced to death for the rape and murder of his cousin. He at first confessed to the attack after a nine-hour interrogation by detectives.
He recanted a few hours later and claimed his confession was coerced. Thibodeaux spent 15 years on death row in Angola. I was willing to tell them anything they wanted me to tell them if it would get me out of that interrogation room.
He was originally charged with a triple murder and armed robbery that occurred in Broward County in His first trial ended with a deadlocked jury.
At his second trial in , he was convicted and sentenced to death. In , the Florida Supreme Court Penalver v. A co-defendant, Pablo Ibar, was also sentenced to death and remains on death row. A video from the crime scene helped convict Ibar, but images showing another suspect were inconclusive. Penalver has always maintained his innocence.
The newly constituted jury began deliberations afresh and found Penalver not guilty of all charges. Penalver is the nd person to be exonerated and freed from death row since , and the 24th such person in Florida, the most of any state. Missouri dismissed all charges related to his death sentence on October Griffin had been sentenced to death for the murder of a fellow inmate in His conviction was overturned in by the Missouri Supreme Court Griffin v.
Prosecutors withheld evidence that guards had confiscated a sharpened screwdriver from another inmate, Jeffrey Smith, immediately after the stabbing. This has been a massive weight upon them all for three decades. There is no physical evidence demonstrating any contact between Griffin and Bausley. Overlaying the entire case is the revelation that the State failed to disclose evidence that tended to implicate Smith, impeach Curtis and Mozee, and bolster the trial testimony of inmate Rogers, who maintained that the inmate fleeing the crime scene was not Griffin.
Ford, who has always maintained his innocence, was tried and sentenced to death by an all-white jury. One of the witnesses against him said at trial that police had helped her make up her story. A second attorney, two years out of law school, worked at an insurance defense firm.
Ford may have been involved in trying to pawn jewelry from the victim that he received from one of the original codefendants. Crafty lawyering did not secure the release of a criminal…Pursuant to the review and investigation of cold homicide cases, investigators uncovered evidence that exonerated Mr.
Indeed, this evidence was so strong that had it been disclosed during of the investigation there would not have been sufficient evidence to even arrest Mr. His case was cited by Justice Breyer in a dissenting opinion in Glossip v. Gross the same day. On June 12, the Supreme Court of Florida overturned the convictions and death sentence of Carl Dausch because the state presented insufficient evidence of his guilt at trial.
DNA evidence taken from the victim was less definitive. Dausch said he had hitchhiked while returning home from a family vacation, and the person who picked him up was likely the actual killer.
It is not sufficient that the facts create a strong probability of, and be consistent with, guilt. They must be inconsistent with innocence. Florida Associated Press , June 12, The two brothers who were convicted of murder and sentenced to death in , were freed because of evidence uncovered by the North Carolina Innocence Inquiry Commission.
McCollum was 19 and Brown was 15 when they confessed to the rape and murder of year-old Sabrina Buie. McCollum and Brown have maintained their innocence since their trial, saying they were unaware they were signing a confession. The Commission found DNA evidence near the crime scene belonging to another man, Roscoe Artis, who was sentenced to death for a crime similar to the one for which McCollum and Brown were sentenced to death. Former death row inmate Ricky Jackson was exonerated on November 21 in Ohio, after spending 39 years in prison.
A judge in Cleveland dismissed all charges against Jackson, with the prosecution in agreement. Jackson was one of three men convicted of the murder of Harold Franks. The other two defendants, Ronnie now Kwame Ajamu and Wiley Bridgeman, were also sentenced to death and have filed a petition for a new trial.
The men were convicted on the testimony of a year-old boy who later recanted his testimony, and who now has said he did not witness the crime at all.
Several people confirmed the boy was on a school bus at the time of the crime. No other evidence linked the men to the murder. All charges against Wiley Bridgeman were dismissed, making him the th person exonerated from death row since At a hearing on December 9, Kwame Ajamu formerly Ronnie Bridgeman was formally exonerated of the murder for which he was convicted and sentenced to death.
Ajamu joined his brother, Wiley Bridgeman, and co-defendant, Ricky Jackson , in being freed. He became the th death row exoneree since Ajamu had been released from prison in , but Jackson and Bridgeman spent 39 years in prison. On March 23, , a Phoenix judge dismissed all charges against Debra Milke.
Milke spent 23 years on death row for allegedly arranging for two men to kill her 4-year-old son so she could collect an insurance payout. The two men who were convicted of committing the killing remain on death row. In this case, Detective Armando Saldate testified that Milke had confessed to him, but there was no recording, nor any witnesses to the confession, and Milke steadfastly denied having confessed.
The state sought to appeal that decision to the Arizona Supreme Court, which the court rejected on March 17, The trial court formally dismissed the charges on March 23, , making Milke the st person exonerated from death row since and the first in She became the ninth person exonerated from death row in Arizona and the second female in the U.
He was released on April 3, Hinton was arrested after a victim in a similar crime identified him in a photo lineup, even though Hinton had been working in a locked warehouse 15 miles away when that crime was committed. Supreme Court unanimously held that Hinton had been provided substandard representation and returned his case to the state courts for further proceedings. See Order of Nolle Prosequi, Cir. MS April 20, In February , the Mississippi Supreme court granted Manning a new trial, saying that key evidence was withheld.
State, en banc Feb. Manning remains on death row for a separate crime, but the evidence against Manning in that case is hair and ballistics analysis from the FBI that was recently identified as seriously flawed. Manning came within hours of being executed in that case, receiving a stay of execution only after the FBI sent separate letters disclosing flaws in its ballistics and hair comparison testimony.
On June 8, , Harris County, Texas prosecutors dismissed charges against Alfred Dewayne Brown, who had been wrongfully convicted and sentenced to death in for the murders of a Houston police officer and a store clerk during a robbery. Prosecutors in said that the phone record had been inadvertently misplaced. Defense lawyers argued that the time of the phone call established that Brown could not have been at the store when the murder occurred.
In February , the Superior Court barred the prosecution from presenting the prior testimony of two now-deceased witnesses, ruling that prosecutorial misconduct had prevented Lee from adequately cross-examining these witnesses at trial see Order Concerning Admissibility of Evidence, Wayne County, GA, Superior Court, February 19, , and leading to the decision to drop the charges against Lee.
The trial judge imposed a death sentence for the conviction following a vote by the jury to recommend death. No eyewitnesses placed Hodgkins in the vicinity at or around the time of the murder and the evidence against him was completely circumstantial.
None of the 21 sets of fingerprints lifted from the crime scene belonged to Hodgkins and no evidence linked him to a bloody bottle found at the scene. Ultimately, the Court held that the evidence in the case was insufficient to convict and directed that the trial court enter a judgment of acquittal. Young acquitted him of all charges in a retrial ordered by the Delaware Supreme Court.
McCoy had been convicted and sentenced to death in , but the Court overturned his conviction in as a result of prosecutorial misconduct in which the trial prosecutor, Deputy Attorney General R.
David Favata belittled McCoy in front of the jury for choosing to represent himself, made intimidating comments to McCoy during a break in proceedings, then lied to the judge about having made those comments. McCoy waived his right to a jury for his retrial, but was represented by counsel. In acquitting McCoy, Judge Young noted that there was no physical evidence linking McCoy to the murder and that two alleged accomplices had given contradictory testimony.
One of the accomplices, Deshaun White, received a sentence reduction for testifying against McCoy. Two years ago, I was on death row. At 25, I was given a death sentence — and I am today alive and well and kicking and a free man. The Caddo Parish, Louisiana, District Court formally dismissed all charges against against Rodricus Crawford on April 17, , exonerating him in a controversial death penalty case that had attracted national attention amid evidence of race discrimination, prosecutorial excess, and actual innocence.
The Louisiana Supreme Court had ordered a new trial for Crawford in November , finding that prosecutor Dale Cox had unconstitutionally struck black jurors on the basis of race. Crawford had been sentenced to death in on charges he had murdered his one-year-old son. A study documented pattern of racially biased jury selection by prosecutors in Caddo Parish, and data from 22 felony trials prosecuted by Cox showed he had struck black jurors at a rate 2.
Wright was convicted of the murders, and the trial court sentenced him to death after a bare majority of the jury voted to recommend the death penalty. The Florida Supreme Court later declared death sentences based upon non-unanimous jury recommendations to be unconstitutional.
Wright is the 27th person to be exonerated from death row in Florida. Nineteen of the 21 exoneration cases from Florida in which the jury vote is known have involved a non-unanimous jury recommendation of a death sentence or a judicial override of a jury recommendation of life. Ralph Daniel Wright, Jr. State of Florida , No. SC, May 11, A former Marine with major depression, chronic posttraumatic stress disorder from childhood abuse, and an IQ in the intellectually disabled range, Newman was seriously mentally ill and homeless at the time he was charged with murdering Marie Cholette.
After falsely confessing to interrogators, the court found him competent to stand trial and to represent himself. He was convicted and sentenced to death in June after a one-day trial in which Newman told the jury he had committed the murder and asked them to impose the death penalty. Newman subsequently sought to waive his appeals and be executed.
They also discovered that prosecutors had withheld from the defense evidence from the murder scene that contradicted what Newman had described in his confession. Read the Arkansas Supreme Court decisions granting Mr. Newman an evidentiary hearing and overturning his conviction.
Former Illinois death-row prisoner Gabriel Solache , a Mexican national whose death sentence was one of commuted by Governor George Ryan in January , was exonerated on December 21, after twenty years of wrongful imprisonment, but immediately seized by agents of the U. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency.
Solache and DeLeon-Reyes were convicted in separate trials, and Solache was sentenced to death, for the stabbing deaths of Jacinta and Mariano Soto during a home robbery. No physical or biological evidence linked either man to the murder, but they were convicted based upon confessions they have long said were coerced by Guevara over the course of three days of interrogation in which they were denied their right to consular assistance by the Mexican government, deprived of sleep, and given little food or drink until they falsely implicated themselves.
Solache did not speak or read English and said that Guevara never translated the written statement for Solache before getting him to sign it. Guevera has been accused of framing defendants of murder in 51 cases. Now, the fight for justice. A trial court in Kern County, California formally dismissed all charges against Benavides, a Mexican national, two days after Kern District Attorney Lisa Green said her office would not be seeking a retrial.
Richard Greer left , Clarence Smith New Mexico Conviction: Delbert Tibbs Florida Conviction: Delbert Tibbs died on Nov.
Earl Charles Georgia Conviction: Jonathan Treadaway Arizona Conviction: Gary Beeman Ohio Conviction: Jerry Banks Georgia Conviction: Larry Hicks Indiana Conviction: Charles Ray Giddens Oklahoma Conviction: Michael Linder South Carolina Conviction: Johnny Ross Louisiana Conviction: Ernest Shujaa Graham California Conviction: Anibal Jarramillo Florida Conviction: Lawyer Johnson Massachusetts Conviction: Larry Fisher Mississippi Conviction: Anthony Brown Florida Conviction: Neil Ferber Pennsylvania Conviction: Clifford Henry Bowen Oklahoma Conviction: Joseph Green Brown Florida Conviction: Perry Cobb left , Darby Jesse Tillis right Illinois Conviction: Tillis died on Nov.
Vernon McManus Texas Conviction: Anthony Ray Peek Florida Conviction: Juan Ramos Florida Conviction: Robert Wallace Georgia Conviction: Richard Neal Jones Oklahoma Convicted: Willie Brown , Larry Troy Florida Conviction: Petersburg Times Year of Release: Randall Dale Adams Texas Conviction: Robert Cox Florida Conviction: James Richardson Florida Conviction: Clarence Brandley Texas Conviction: War crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.
On May 25, , the Sudan National Assembly amended the Criminal Act to include genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity as death-eligible offenses. Other Offenses Not Resulting in Death. Why have we referenced the Criminal Act of Sudan replacing the Penal Code of instead of the Penal Code replacing the Penal Code of available from so many sources offering the laws of Sudan?
The Code has since been replaced by a penal code and criminal procedure code promulgated in peacetime Southern Sudan in , so the law is not actually the law, anywhere, at this time. We did not find any reason to conclude that the Criminal Act of Sudan has been replaced, though it may have been amended.
Office on Drugs and Crime, are—we believe—simply wrong. We did not find the military law for Sudan. In a nutshell, the standard of proof is demanding for the application of hudud penalties, such that the punishment of offenses such as adultery would usually not be possible as hudud. Countries practicing Islamic law vary in their guarantee of its safeguards. According to an in-country expert, the statutory picture may not describe the full legal picture. In Eastern Sudan, traditional courts adjudicate, and a murder is punishable by death but may be resolved through a settlement.
In Northern Sudan, as described, Shariah law is used. In the portions of Sudan applying the Criminal Act of , it is clear that the mandatory death penalty exists.
Hiraba armed robbery resulting in death carries a religiously stipulated hudud death penalty, which is thus a mandatory death penalty. Armed robbery aggravated by rape carries the mandatory death penalty.
Under certain evidentiary showings, adultery carries the hadd punishment of stoning if the offender is married;  religiously stipulated hudud punishments are mandatory. Sentences of stoning are usually overturned normally following international outcry. Individuals convicted of apostasy, unless they are recent converts, must re-embrace Islam or die.
This constitutes a mandatory death penalty for apostasy. In , two young women, convicted of stoning a child to death under art. In , one man was executed despite an amnesty agreement under Article 51 of the Penal Code treason for allegedly opposing the government through violence; he was also convicted of being a member of terrorist or criminal groups.
According to the Concluding Observations of the U. Committee on the Rights of the Child, the Sudan Child Act of prohibits the passing of a death sentence against an individual under the age of 18, while the National Constitution explicitly permits in any language the execution of children for hudud and retributive penalties. The Supreme Court, overruling the decision of the Nyala Appellate Court, explicitly held that the Constitution permitted such an execution and that the Child Act prohibiting such executions was irrelevant since the defendant was over the age of 15, triggering the conflicting Criminal Act.
It is true that on at least one occasion the Supreme Court has amended the charges against a minor to reduce a sentence on appeal. The National Constitution  prohibits the execution of pregnant women. Women With Small Children. The National Constitution  prohibits the execution of nursing women for 2 years after giving birth. Under the Penal Code, remission is mandatory if an individual becomes insane after sentencing. The National Constitution  prohibits the execution of persons over the age of 70 at the time of sentencing.
However, the exclusion is waived for hudud and retributive penalties. This past consensus was, in its own time, more restrictive than the European exclusion. Although the offender can recant his apostasy, the requirement that an accused individual embrace Islam or die amounts to the mandatory death penalty for switching religions or renouncing Islam.
Additionally, see provisions such as Article 38 1 , which prohibits pardon for hudud offenses. Finally, various protections for juveniles and the elderly do not apply for hudud or retributive penalties Articles 27 2 , 33 3 , The religiously stipulated hudud and retributive death penalties are not discretionary in any fashion in Sudan.
Additionally, see provisions such as art. The retributive death penalty for murder prescribed in art. Finally, various protections for juveniles and the elderly do not apply for hudud or retributive penalties arts. Ban Death by Stoning, http: King, Does Sudan Execute Minors? Sudan, Denial of Fair Public Trial, http: The National Constitution of the Sudan provides that: The scope of the death penalty at law has been reduced over the past decade.
In , after years of civil war, Sudan and Southern Sudan promulgated parallel Constitutions as part of a peace agreement. In these constitutions, the use of the death penalty is somewhat curtailed. In and , individuals were executed after allegedly unfair trials for high-profile offenses such as killings in a clash between police and squatters,  the group murder of a journalist,  or treason and membership in anti-government or terrorist organizations despite an amnesty.
In , approximately 23 individuals were sentenced to death;  following a terrorist attack in Khartoum, hundreds of people have been charged and convicted by special courts under the Counter-Terrorism Act; about were sentenced to death in and , with a few commutations or releases.
We found no reports of an official moratorium, and individuals were executed in We did not find any published cases in English concerning the death penalty in national courts. In , the Supreme Court held that an individual could be executed for a hudud offense committed while under the age of 18, overruling the decision of the Nyala Appellate Court. The case of a black woman, raped the same day in Brooklyn by two men who threw her from the roof of a four-story building, received little media attention.
Bring Back Our Police! They should be forced to suffer and, when they kill, they should be executed for their crimes. They must serve as examples so that others will think long and hard before committing a crime or an act of violence.
Salaam, now 41, cannot remember exactly where he was when he first saw the ads. He had no idea who Trump was. Our families were afraid. Our loved ones were afraid.
On a daytime TV show two days later, a female audience member called for the boys to be castrated and echoed the calls for the death penalty if Meili died. All five boys pleaded not guilty at trial the following year. As would become crucial later on, there was no DNA evidence linking any of them to the crime scene and Meili, who made a miraculous recovery and testified in court, could not remember any details of the attack. The jury found all five boys guilty.
The court condemned them to prison to serve sentences ranging from five to 10 years and five to 15 years. Two years before the Central Park case, Trump had briefly considered a run for president that most dismissed as a naked attempt to drum up publicity for his book The Art of the Deal , released later that year.
In February , when Trump was again flirting with a run for the White House, he took out anonymous ads in local upstate New York newspapers, in an effort to shut down a rival casino backed by a group of Native Americans. Beneath a picture of needles and drug paraphernalia, the ad stated: Regis Mohawk Indian record of criminal activity is well documented.
Does the death penalty save lives? A surge of recent interest in this question has yielded a series of papers purporting to show robust and precise estimates of a substantial deterrent effect of capital punishment. We assess the various approaches that have been used in this literature, testing the.
The death penalty is the popular term for the National Collegiate Athletic Association's power to ban a school from competing in a sport for at least one year. It is the harshest penalty that an NCAA member school can receive. It has been implemented only five times: The University of Kentucky basketball program for the –53 season.; The .
“The death penalty has no place in the 21st century.” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s remark reflects the global trend away from capital punishment. Top 10% Absolutely Positively the Best 30 Death Penalty Websites on the Internet (Top 1%) Death Penalty Information Center Probably the single most comprehensive and authoritative internet rersource on the death penalty, including hundreds of anti-death penalty articles, essays, and quotes on issues of deterrence, cost, execution of the .
2. Samuel A. Poole North Carolina Conviction: , Charges Dismissed: After being convicted of first degree burglary and given a mandatory death sentence, Poole had his conviction overturned by the N.C. Supreme Court because the case lacked substantial evidence that Poole was the person who broke into the home. Sudan's death penalty laws and how they are applied, including death row and execution numbers, death-eligible crimes, methods of execution, appeals and clemency, availability of lawyers, prison conditions, ratification of international instruments, and recent developments.