Shaw, But it is necessary to stress that measures of affirmative action can only be performed in accordance with the following conditions: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy If any of these conditions are not met, then this is not an affirmative action but discrimination. Measures of affirmative action are always very controversial, because they mean a temporary preference for a particular group over another in order to compensate for past inequalities, and the provision of equal opportunities to the targeted groups for example, women, ethnic minorities at present, for the realization of all fundamental freedoms, particularly in education, employment and business.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy The essence of the positive discrimination is rather controversial. Proponents of affirmative action believe that it helps to increase the benefits of diversity in all sectors of society, as well as to compensate for damage caused discrimination. Some argument for affirmative action are: Compensatory justice demands affirmative action programs. Daedalus, 2 , Ultius Blog, 21 Jan.
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View author's profile Show more posts from author. Tested Daily Click to Verify. The Ultius Promise With every order, you can count on the following: He notes the affirmative action has:. Generally, the racially discriminative practices that were once common occurrences during the early to mid 20th century have subsided, yet research shows a type of "reverse discrimination" that has been the result.
Society has moved more and more towards a world where the practices that the program is trying to defend against are becoming obsolete. This is not to claim that racism, as a whole is not an issue, however it is becoming, in some cases, almost an issue in the reverse of what was originally intended from the implication of affirmative action. The program now almost creates an opposite effect.
Instead of continuing the practices that affirmative action has laid out for minorities--both men and women, the system should be looked at from the interior workings of companies. It is no longer as prevalent of an issue of getting the minority workers into entry-level positions within a company and the history of affirmative action in education demonstrates the need for restructuring.
The issue presents itself with their promotion and advancement once they have secured employment Thomas, Jr. By reconstructing the system, affirmative action can:. While this is still not the ideal solution to the iniquities which accompany affirmative action, it is a definite step in the right direction. The issue of affirmative action can be applied to a larger issue for the nation as a whole, namely:. Instead, a solution that will either cover up the problem or keep it from becoming larger is created and replaced as needed over time.
This is exactly what is seen with the issue of affirmative action. When it was first implemented in America, the issue of racial discrimination , as well as gender discrimination, was a large issue in the world of both employment and academics. However, instead of combating the problem and making fundamental changes to the way that society deals with and views race and gender, the United States was forced to implement a program that forced those that may discriminate in their choosing process to have a certain number of openings be filled by minorities.
As noted, when first implemented this system was not only needed but successful, however as it becomes more and more clear that the program has become outdated and needs either a major overhaul or to be shut down. The factors of lack of public empathy and general laziness have reemerged and slowed the progression to a unified solution.
Affirmative action did its job effectively and admirably, however society has shifted since it was first put into effect. This program has served its purpose and should be allowed to be retired with dignity knowing that it helped many minorities take the first step towards equality, especially during times when racism was a much larger issue that permeated into many different facets of everyday life. To combat some of the issues that currently face affirmative action, there could be some changes that make it more of an all-encompassing program: Since there are initiatives and programs that already do a job similar to these, they could merge with affirmative action and form a larger, more powerful means to help those that have risen from a troubled upbringing.
Case studies in various workplace scenarios have proven the relative ineffectiveness and unexpected results of the program. A new system that addresses the issues that are more prevalent to today such as equal opportunity for advancement of a career should be investigated.
Affirmative action once made sense, but today needs to be reconsidered. Social inequality no longer requires the dramatic oversight it once did. More attention needs to be paid to qualitative factors than simple quantitative values that are based on an archaic metric. Unfortunately, with the system that is in place in the modern era, this is not being addressed.
Even if affirmative action could still work, it would need to be more sophisticated and consider more variables than simple gender or ethnicity. These factors would have to be adjusted for demographics in whatever area they are being applied, making it a monumental challenge. Coate, Stephen, and Glenn C. Sturm, Susan, and Lani Guinier. Reclaiming the Innovative Ideal. Ultius Blog, 07 Sep. Click here for more help with MLA citations. Essay on Affirmative Action. Click here for more help with APA citations.
- Affirmative action programs are often misunderstood. Each person has their own idea of what affirmative action really entails. This paper will provide an overview of the legal aspect of affirmative action. The differences between affirmative action programs and equal opportunity legislation will be explained.
Oh, E., Choi, C.-C., Neville, H. A., Anderson, C. J., & Landrum-Brown, J. (). Beliefs about affirmative action: a test of the group self-interest and racism beliefs models. Journal of Diversity in higher Education, 3(3), Sabbagh, D. (). Affirmative action: the U.S. experience in comparative perspectives. Daedalus, (2), /5(3).
The arguments for affirmative action are somewhat different and have changed over the course of this practice. As a new type of anti–affirmative action ideology has developed, affirmative action advocates have answered the challenge. The Argument for Affirmative Action. The historical origins of the argument for affirmative action are obvious. Affirmative action is one of the most effective tools for redressing the injustices caused by our nation's historic discrimination against people of color and women, and for leveling what has long been an uneven playing field. A centuries-long legacy of racism and sexism has not been eradicated despite the gains made during the civil rights era.
Affirmative action is one of the most controversial and important social policy decisions adopted by the United States in the past decades. Though initially employed to help address decades and centuries of economic, political, and legal subjugation of non-white Americans, affirmative action is a long-since outlived policy choice that is no longer 5/5(1). Reverse discrimination is a term that is used of affirmative action to refer to the policies that the government designed to remedy historical effects of past discrimination. Affirmative action was introduced after the Civil Rights Act of during the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson.