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What is a Synoptic Essay and How Do I Write One?

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❶This common topical arrangement can be the evidence that both works are closely connected.

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This will make the essay easier to write. How far was the personality cult of Adolf Hitler responsible for the success of the Nazi party?

Both of these questions are synoptic. In the long-term, the following factors could be said to have aided Nazi success: The legacy of the Bismarckian system - the nature of authority and rule, as well as the legacy of policies such as Kulturkampf.

Difficult relations with Britain, France and Russia. The whole power struggle of the time - especially the growing confidence of Russia against Austria-Hungary and the difficult family ties between ruling families.

This is not an exhaustive list of reasons for the success of the Nazi Party, however, it should highlight to you that the personality of Hitler as suggested by the question, was just one of many short and longer term factors that helped the Nazis to become successful. In a synoptic essay you would need to weigh this up in the light of the other factors at play, whilst at the same time, displaying your understanding of the entire period and actually how much change took place.

Some would argue for example that some of Hitler's policies were more extreme versions of Bismarckian policies, for example, Bismarck's' Kulturkampf deliberately persecuted Catholics in Germany; Hitler, in a far more extreme way, persecuted Jews.

Some may also argue that because Bismarck and the Kaiser had ruled in an absolute way, that this was the kind of rule that Germans were used to; perhaps they weren't ready for the democracy that was offered by the Republic, so when Hitler came along offering a return to the traditional absolute style of rule, it seemed familiar to Germans. Of course, the validity of these views is very open to question, but that is the point of the synoptic essay. You are required to think more deeply about the question and read between the lines.

The REAL question at play in this example is: Introduction that includes very brief setting of the scene and states your line of argument. Discuss the theme that is asked for by the question in this case the personality of Hitler how important was this?

Then compare the significance of these other factors in comparison to the initial factor. Finally, here comes the synoptic analysis, you then need to examine the longer term themes at play and examine their role - how important were they in comparison to the shorter term factors.

Were there many shifts or changes? How much continuity was there? How did any changes or continuity affect the situation? Conclusion - how important was the factor as stated by the question? Set it in light of the wider context of the time and re-assert your point of view.

Where appropriate once again you need to include the historiography and views of historians throughout. The theory is based on the assumption that there exists Q text of Q Gospel which is common for all three Gospels. The theory is proved by the fact that most probably the authors of three Synoptic Gospels were not directs witnesses of the event described and this way they should have used some kind of written source as a source for their Gospels.

From the other side there is no any reliable evidence that Q Gospel exist in reality. This Q text is only a hypothesis of the scientists. There was not found not a single evidence that this kind of text ever existed. There was not found any single manuscript which could be considered to be Q text. Other sources also do not mention this text. In addition in the early sermons there are no references to this text.

There is another strong argument against Q theory. Many Church fathers refer to this gospels in their sermons. If the Gospels were written during the time described Mark, Luke and Matthew must have been the direct witnesses of the events they wrote about. Opponents of Q theory also state that similarities in text should be considered a normal thing since all three authors heard same sermons by Jesus and by down his words the same way.

These similarities only prove that all three writers witnessed same things. In addition many specialists do not reject an idea that Mark, Luke and Matthew used other sources when writing their gospels but they do not put so much meaning to this fact. These researches believes that Mark, Luke and Matthew really eye witnessed events the described and used some additional material only to add credibility to the things they wrote.

They saw nothing wrong in addressing other sources and confessed that. There are many evidence for and against Q concept. The reasons against this theory is manly based on the idea that there was not find material proves of the existence of Q text. If these kind of evidence appear Q theory will definitely become one of the main ones. There are other theories and hypothesis concerning the origin and order of the synthetic gospels. These hypotheses include the Farrer hypothesis, the Parker hypothesis, the Griesbach hypothesis and some others, which are more hypothetical and less reliable.

In accordance with the Farrer hypothesis, the first Gospel was written by Mark. The opponents of the Parker hypothesis state that at first a proto-Matthew was written as an addition to Q. At that very time Luke created his version independently, although in his work we can also find elements of all the previous ones: This peculiarity explains the close connection between the Gospel of Luke and later the Gospel of John.

The Griesbach hypothesis is also well known. This hypothesis argues that Matthew was the first who wrote his gospel. The bright representative of this school is Eta Linnenmann. She states that all three evangelists wrote independent works and the coincidence presented in them is only accidental.

This theory is also the basement of Christian belief. According to Bible, the Holy Spirit inspired all the evangelists and it is senseless to look for any documents that can prove or disprove the evidence of the data described. Mark is a middle term between Matthew and Luke. Specifically, the following scenarios are logically possible: Along with the Triple Tradition it is necessary to speak about the Double Tradition.

The order of the material is of great importance for the modern researchers because it can help to find the truth about the primary source and so solve the synoptic problem, at last. The fact that the order in the Gospel of Matthew and Mark coincides, especially taking into account that the texts are arranged in accordance with the topical order, not the the chronological one, is very interesting.

This common topical arrangement can be the evidence that both works are closely connected. The arrangements of the Triple Tradition may be considered from another side too. This fact can be the background of the evidence of the Griesbach Hypothesis, however, on the other hand, another group of scientists state that this evidence cannot be statistically meaningful and significant.

This fact makes the researches in the sphere of synoptic problem complicated. This question becomes very meaningful for all religions people who view the Bible as holy text inspired by God.

Different theory, which explain different view on Synoptic problem have their opponents and proponents but there is no one theory which would give explanations which would satisfy everybody. Zondervan Publishing Company, , Your email address will not be published. The synoptic problem has no one definite solution yet.


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Writing the synoptic essay. Part of the A-Level History course now involves a synoptic element. This involves examining change and reasons for change over a fixed period of time.

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Synoptic Essay Plans (1) - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.5/5(5).

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Essay about The Synoptic Problem - The Synoptic Problem The synoptic problem is that of considering which of the 3 synoptic gospels. Matthew, Mark and Luke was written first and perhaps which gospel was written aided via the other and/or which writer used the questionable Q source. Essay on Possible Solutions to the Synoptic Problem in the Gospels. The term “Synoptic Problem” alludes to the similarities and differences that is apparent in the Synoptic Gospels. Events that occurred are detailed in somewhat different arrangements and narrations.

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The Synoptic Gospels Essay Words | 8 Pages. The Synoptic Gospels are composed of the gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke. These three gospels covered many of the same stories; yet, they disagree with each other on various details within certain stories. Also, numerous events that are in Mark, is not in Matthew or Luke and vice versa. Synoptic problem appeared when scholars compared first three Gospels, Matthew, Mark and Luke and found them very similar to one another. That is the why Gospels by Matthew, Mark and Luke are united in the section of Synoptic Gospels.