As simple as the question seems to be, the answer is quite complex. So many variables affect student achievement. Although most Canadian parents would agree that some homework is valuable, difficult questions remain: How much homework is necessary?
Does homework really help my child? Research suggests that, with two exceptions, homework for elementary children is not beneficial and does not boost achievement levels. The first exception is in the case of a student who is struggling to complete classroom tasks.
The second is when students are preparing for a test. For example, students might review a list of words for 10 minutes in preparation for a spelling test the next day.
Parental help with homework appears to be beneficial only if the child has already learned the concepts and simply needs more time to complete the assignments. In fact, some evidence suggests that K—4 students who spend too much time on homework actually achieve less well. For students in Grades 6 and 7, up to an hour of meaningful homework per night can be beneficial. Things change in high school. Most studies involving high school students suggest that students who do homework achieve at a higher rate.
Based on his research, Cooper suggests this rule of thumb: In other words, Grade 1 students should do a maximum of 10 minutes of homework per night, Grade 2 students, 20 minutes, and so on.
Expecting academic students in Grade 12 to occasionally do two hours of homework in the evening—especially when they are studying for exams, completing a major mid-term project or wrapping up end-of-term assignments—is not unreasonable. But what does homework really do for kids? Or is it just busywork? Whether or not homework helps, or even hurts, depends on who you ask. It makes kids stressed-out and tired and makes them hate school more.
Books like The End of Homework , The Homework Myth , and The Case Against Homework and the film Race to Nowhere make the case that homework, by taking away precious family time and putting kids under unneeded pressure, is an ineffective way to help children become better learners and thinkers. One Canadian couple recently took their homework apostasy all the way to the Supreme Court of Canada.
After arguing that there was no evidence that it improved academic performance, they won a ruling that exempted their two children from all homework. In an effort to answer this question, researchers have been doing their homework on homework, conducting hundreds of studies over the past several decades.
Despite scores of studies, definitive conclusions remain a matter of some debate. For better or worse, homework is on the rise in the United States. The homework ante has been upped as school administrators respond to increasing pressure for their students to perform better on state-mandated tests.
So how can you know if your child is doing the right amount? But where did it come from? If you think your child is doing too much homework, Cooper recommends talking with her teacher. Recent studies suggest that proper sleep may be far more essential to brain and body development. In fact, for elementary school-age children, there is no measureable academic advantage to homework. For middle-schoolers, there is a direct correlation between homework and achievement if assignments last between one to two hours per night.
For high schoolers, two hours appears optimal. As with middle-schoolers, give teens more than two hours a night, and academic success flatlines. It appears middle- and high schoolers have much to gain academically by doing their homework. Homework in middle school was half as effective.
In elementary school, there is no measurable correlation between homework and achievement.
On the other hand, a study reporting a modest correlation between achievement test scores and the amount of math homework assigned also found that “repetitive exercises” of the type intended to help students practice skills actually “had detrimental effects on learning” (Trautwein et al., p. 41).
A survey done through the University of Michigan found that by the ’03 school year, students ages 6 to 17 were doing twice as much homework as in ’ The homework ante has been upped as school administrators respond to increasing pressure for their students to .
For students in Grades 6 and 7, up to an hour of meaningful homework per night can be beneficial. More than that can be detrimental. Grades 8 to Things change in high school. Most studies involving high school students suggest that students who do homework achieve at a higher rate. Sep 23, · The homework question is best answered by comparing students who are assigned homework with students assigned no homework but who are similar in other ways. The results of such studies suggest that homework can improve students' scores on .
Sep 14, · Homework definitely helps me learn. By the time i get home from school some subjects become unfamiliar and homework help reinforce what i learned in class. Better students do their homework and teachers recognize that frequently. Repetition of your homework also helps memorize which you could benefit from on tests and other classwork activities. Homework is usually given so that students learn while writing. But the pressure of completing h.W is more than studying itself. It takes the student's mind off studies. If the students do the homework without refering to their books, then they are actually learning and using their minds.