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Writing an essay

Structuring a paragraph in the main body of your assignment

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Essay Structure
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An example essay has been given to help you understand both of these, and there is a checklist at the end which you can use for editing your introduction. When writing an introduction to an academic essay, it is useful to remember the main purpose of the introduction.

In general, the introduction will introduce the topic to the reader by stating what the topic is and giving some general background information. This will help the reader to understand what you are writing about, and show why the topic is important. The introduction should also give the overall plan of the essay. This last purpose is perhaps the most important, and is the reason why many writers choose to write the introduction last , after they have written the main body , because they need to know what the essay will contain before they can give a clear plan.

Although essays vary in length and content, most essays will have the same overall structure, including the introduction. The structure is related to the purpose mentioned above. The introduction to an essay should have the following two parts:. The general statements will introduce the topic of the essay and give background information. The background information for a short essay will generally just be one or two sentences.

The general statements should become more and more specific as the introduction progresses, leading the reader into the essay some writers talk about "attracting the readers' attention", though for an academic essay, this is less important. For longer essays, the general statements could include one or more definitions , or could classify the topic, and may cover more than one paragraph.

The following is an example of background statements for a short essay given below:. Although they were invented almost a hundred years ago, for decades cars were only owned by the rich. Since the 60s and 70s they have become increasingly affordable, and now most families in developed nations, and a growing number in developing countries, own a car.

These sentences introduce the topic of the essay cars and give some background to this topic situation in the past, the situation now. These sentences lead nicely into the thesis statement see below. The thesis statement is the most important part of the introduction. It gives the reader clear information about the content of the essay, which will help them to understand the essay more easily.

The thesis states the specific topic, and often lists the main controlling ideas that will be discussed in the main body. It may also indicate how the essay will be organised, e. It is usually at the end of the introduction, and is usually but not always one sentence long.

This thesis statement tells us the specific topic of the essay advantages and disadvantages of cars and the method of organisation advantages should come first, disadvantages second. It is, however, quite general, and may have been written before the writer had completed the essay. While cars have undoubted advantages, of which their convenience is the most apparent, they have significant drawbacks, most notably pollution and traffic problems.

This thesis gives us more detail, telling us not just the topic advantages and disadvantages of cars and the method of organisation advantages first, disadvantages second , but also tells us the main ideas in the essay convenience, pollution, traffic problems. This essay will probably have three paragraphs in the main body. Below is a discussion essay which looks at the advantages and disadvantages of car ownership.

This essay is used throughout the essay writing section to help you understand different aspects of essay writing.

Here it focuses on the thesis statement and general statements of the introduction mentioned on this page , topic sentences , controlling ideas, and the summary and final comment of the conclusion. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to the right to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay. The most striking advantage of the car is its convenience. When travelling long distance, there may be only one choice of bus or train per day, which may be at an unsuitable time.

The car, however, allows people to travel at any time they wish, and to almost any destination they choose. Despite this advantage, cars have many significant disadvantages, the most important of which is the pollution they cause.

Read the article to know the details. Essay structure allows you to align your thoughts and ideas logically, making them readable and easy to understand. To better understand why essay format is so important, try to imagine an essay that starts out with body paragraphs, followed by a thesis and a conclusion.

Such essay would be impossible to read because of its faulty logic. The introduction is the main component within the structure of an essay. This part contains the main thought of the essay and states the purpose of your writing.

They are called so because they make up the body or the main bulk of the paper. This part of the essay usually contains research data and information that supports your thesis. Each paragraph should contain one main idea and should provide supporting details for your topic and thesis. The topic introductory sentence of each paragraph should support the main idea.

Body paragraph size varies depending on the essay style: Academic writing tends to be longer because the author has to state a point, back it up with research data, and come to a conclusion. Such kind of writing usually requires a greater amount of writing. The final part of the basic essay structure is a conclusion.

It ends the essay and summarizes all ideas and thoughts written. Going further, read how to end an essay correctly. The final part of the basic essay structure is the conclusion. It summarizes the points made in the introduction and the body paragraphs of your paper.

The core function of the conclusion is not only to summarize ideas stated in the introduction and the body but to show how they relate to the thesis. A good technique is to use the conclusion starters: Such connecting phrases help you to tie the points made previously with the actual text of the conclusion that you are writing.

Once again, a conclusion should review your thesis and give a summary of your main ideas.

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Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic.

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How is an essay structured? In order for your essay to be convincing and make sense, it needs to be presented inside a well structured piece of writing. How do you do this within the framework of an essay's general structure of Introduction, Body, Conclusion? Firstly, you need to be clear about what elements you should include within these three .

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An introduction is like a guidebook to your whole assignment. It gives background information into your topic area and outlines all the ideas you are going to present. Remember that most introductions will be about 10% of the final essay and will include some or all of the following. Sep 03,  · Structure your introduction effectively. An essay introduction is fairly formulaic, and will have the same basic elements regardless of your subject matter or academic discipline. While it's short, it conveys a lot of information%(79).

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The introduction to an essay has three primary objectives: explain the context of the essay, give the response to the question or the overall focus of the essay (the thesis statement), and describe the structure and organisation of the essay. Structure of an Essay: Introduction, Body paragraphs, Conclusion The creation of a professional essay requires a lot of knowledge form the writer, but the first thing to know and to remember is the peculiarity of the essay’s structure.