He grew up in a middle-class family with a father and grandfather who had pursued and encouraged theological education and worked hard for changes within civil rights themselves.
During the course of his study he focused on undoing social injustices and particularly the philosophies of nonviolence espoused by Gandhi. He completed his doctoral studies in immediately after which he received his PhD in theology.
His leadership efforts produced agreements with the Justice Department which helped to desegregate fitting rooms, drinking fountains, lunch counters, and restrooms. But he did not stop there. In he helped , people to plan and implement a massive march on Washington DC. The following year he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts. He continued to battle violence among police officers and civilians because of his efforts to campaign for voting rights for African-Americans, particularly in Alabama.
The results of these were violent clashes leading to the voting rights act being signed into law in The first bookkeeper published implemented a great deal of Biblical theology as well as the philosophies of Gandhi.
In this book he discussed what events helped lead the way to the Montgomery bus boycott. In other books he went into great detail about his efforts to desegregate Birmingham and his personal responses to the rise of the black power movement. In other written works he had displayed his rather sermonic style with apical rhetoric particularly throughout letters he published for his critics.
King stuck to his morals and ethics. He was the son of a minister and was very intelligent. He entered high school at age In the 11th grade, he entered an oratorical contest sponsored by the Negro Elks in a distant Georgia town. On the way back to Atlanta, he and his teacher reviewed the exciting events of the day. Presently the bus stopped and some whites got on. There were no seats left so the bus driver ordered Martin and his teacher to get up and stand.
King refused to budge. The driver threatened him and called him a "black son-of-a-bitch," until at last he heeded his teacher's whispers and he got out of his seat.
For the rest of the trip home, he and his teacher were jostled around as the bus traveled down the highway. King later said, "It was the angriest I have ever been in my life.
He was only 15 when he enrolled. King graduated in the spring of at age Between and , Luther studied at the University of Erfurt and at a university in Wittenberg. In —, he took a break from his education to serve as a representative in Rome for the German Augustinian monasteries. In , Luther received his doctorate and became a professor of biblical studies. In early 16th-century Europe, some theologians and scholars were beginning to question the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.
It was also around this time that translations of original texts—namely, the Bible and the writings of the early church philosopher Augustine—became more widely available. Augustine — had emphasized the primacy of the Bible rather than Church officials as the ultimate religious authority. He also believed that humans could not reach salvation by their own acts, but that only God could bestow salvation by his divine grace.
Indulgence-selling had been banned in Germany, but the practice continued unabated. In , a friar named Johann Tetzel began to sell indulgences in Germany to raise funds to renovate St. Committed to the idea that salvation could be reached through faith and by divine grace only, Luther vigorously objected to the corrupt practice of selling indulgences. Popular legend has it that on October 31, Luther defiantly nailed a copy of his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Castle church.
The reality was probably not so dramatic; Luther more likely hung the document on the door of the church matter-of-factly to announce the ensuing academic discussion around it that he was organizing.
The 95 Theses, which would later become the foundation of the Protestant Reformation, were written in a remarkably humble and academic tone, questioning rather than accusing. The overall thrust of the document was nonetheless quite provocative. The other 93 theses, a number of them directly criticizing the practice of indulgences, supported these first two. Why does not the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of St.
Peter with his own money rather than with the money of poor believers? The 95 Theses were quickly distributed throughout Germany and then made their way to Rome. In , Luther was summoned to Augsburg, a city in southern Germany, to defend his opinions before an imperial diet assembly. A debate lasting three days between Luther and Cardinal Thomas Cajetan produced no agreement.
Refusing again to recant, Luther concluded his testimony with the defiant statement: I can do no other.
Martin Luther was a monk in the Holy Roman Empire. Luther had paved the way to question the church which eventually led to the Protestant Reformation. His views on Christianity appealed to many people, but they were a threat to the Roman Catholic Church, thus causing much commotion throughout the .
- Rhetorical Analysis of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail" In his essay "Letter from Birmingham Jail", Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. disproves the assumptions of people that believe racism is acceptable when he compares the maltreatment of blacks to .
The teachings of Martin Luther and John Calvin resonate even today and they are still held up as heroes of Christianity by many. Martin Luther was undoubtedly the most persistent and most successful of all the reformers of his time. Martin Luther – German theologian and religious reformer. The following entry contains critical essays focusing on Luther's role in the Protestant Reformation.
Martin Luther And The Catholic Church Martin Luther is an extremely important and innovative religious figure through out history. In the early ’s he created quite a stir through out the Catholic Church and proceeded to not only make a name for him; however, he also began to alienate himself from the rest of the growing reform. The Great Reformer Martin Luther (November 10, - February 18, ) was a Christian theologian and Augustinian monk whose teachings inspired the Protestant Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of Protestant and other Christian traditions. Martin Luther was one of the most influential people of the Protestant Reformation.